Proxy Program For Mac

How to remove 'Proxy Virus' from Mac?

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What is 'Proxy Virus'?

Proxy Virus (also known as MITM Proxy Virus) is a type of browser-hijacking program that has recently become popular. In order to spread this infection, cyber criminals often use various adware-type applications. In most cases, these infiltrate computers without users' permission. Adware is also likely to deliver intrusive advertisements and record information relating to browsing activity.

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The initial adware installation process seems normal. After installation, however, users are presented with a deceptive pop-up message encouraging them to update the Safari web browser. After clicking 'OK', users are presented with another pop-up that asks users to enter account credentials. In this way, users might inadvertently grant adware permission to control the Safari browser. Additionally, rogue installers deploy a 'bash script' designed to connect to a remote server and download a .zip archive. The archive is then extracted and a .plist file contained within it is copied to the LaunchDaemons directory. The .plist file contains a reference to another file called 'Titanium.Web.Proxy.Examples.Basic.Standard'. Two additional scripts ('change_proxy.sh' and 'trush_cert.sh') are executed after the next reboot. The 'change_proxy.sh' script is designed to change the system proxy settings, thereby making it use HTTP/S proxy at 'localhost:8003'. The 'trush_cert.sh' script is designed to install a trusted SSL certificate into the keychain. Cyber criminals responsible for this infection use Titanium Web Proxy - an open-source asynchronous HTTP(S) proxy writen in C Sharp (C#). Titanium Web Proxy it is a cross-platform proxy, meaning that it can run on various operating systems, including MacOS. The purpose of this infection is to hijack search engines. Cyber criminals use it to modify Internet search results. Using a proxy to achieve this is rather unusual, since cyber criminals typically employ fake search engines. They use various browser-hijacking applications to modify settings (e.g., new tab URL, default search engine, homepage) by assigning them to certain URLs. Promoted websites often seem normal and their design is usually similar to Bing, Yahoo, Google, and other legitimate search engines. Yet, fake search engines can generate results that lead to malicious websites. Moreover, noticing that such browser settings have been modified is simple because users continually encounter redirects to dubious sites. Using tools such as Proxy Virus is more difficult for these criminals, and yet also more reliable from their point of view. Cyber criminals also deliver fake search results by modifying the content of legitimate search engines. For instance, if a user attempts to search using the Google search engine, the entire website (URL, header, footer, etc.) is genuine, however, the infection modifies the result section. In this way, users are fed with fake results even though they search using legitimate engines. Ultimately, this behavior can lead to further high risk infections - users might inadvertently visit malicious websites. Additionally, cyber criminals use such tactics to increase the traffic of certain websites, which allows them to generate revenue through advertising. The presence of Proxy Virus significantly diminishes the browsing experience and can lead to further computer infections. As mentioned above, adware-type applications are designed to deliver advertisements (e.g., coupons, banners, pop-ups, etc.). These ads might also redirect to malicious websites and even run scripts designed to download/install other unwanted apps. Therefore, clicking them can also lead to installation of infectious apps. Additionally, ads are delivered using tools that enable placement of third party graphical content on any site. Therefore, they often conceal website content, thereby diminishing the browsing experience. Adware-type apps gather information such as IP addresses, website URLs visited, pages viewed, search queries, and other similar details, which are later shared with third parties (potentially, cyber criminals). These people generate revenue by misusing private data. Therefore, information tracking might eventually lead to serious privacy issues, or even identity theft. You are advised to remove all infections, including adware and Proxy Virus.

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Threat Summary:
NameMITM Proxy virus
Threat TypeMac malware, Mac virus, Proxy hijacker, Search hijacker
Detection Names (Adobe Flash Player-3.dmg - Fake Adobe Flash Player installer)Avast (MacOS:Agent-EN [Drp]), BitDefender (Adware.MAC.Bundlore.DMM), Emsisoft (Adware.MAC.Bundlore.DMM (B)), Kaspersky (Not-a-virus:HEUR:AdWare.OSX.Bnodlero.q), Full List (VirusTotal)
SymptomsYou see inaccurate search results, your Mac and Internet speed become slower than normal, you see unwanted pop-up ads, you are redirected to dubious websites.
Distribution methodsDeceptive pop-up ads, free software installers (bundling), fake flash player installers, torrent file downloads.
DamageInternet browsing tracking (potential privacy issues), display of unwanted ads, redirects to dubious websites, loss of private information.
Malware Removal (Mac)

To eliminate possible malware infections, scan your Mac with legitimate antivirus software. Our security researchers recommend using Combo Cleaner.
▼ Download Combo Cleaner for Mac
To use full-featured product, you have to purchase a license for Combo Cleaner. Limited three days free trial available.

There are dozens of adware-type applications and browser hijackers online. Typically, these applications offer 'useful features' in attempts to give the impression of legitimacy and trick users to install, however, the only purpose of these applications is to generate revenue for the developers. Rather than giving any real value for regular users, PUAs cause redirects, deliver advertisements, modify settings, and record information.

How did potentially unwanted applications install on my computer?

Adware and browser-hijacking applications are usually proliferated via intrusive advertisements and a deceptive marketing method called 'bundling' - stealth installation of third party applications together with regular (usually free) software. Developers know that users often rush download/installation processes and skip steps. Therefore, 'bundled' apps are usually concealed behind 'Custom/Advanced' settings (or other sections) of these procedures. By carelessly skipping download/installation steps and clicking on advertisements, many users expose their systems to risk of infections and compromise their privacy.

How to avoid installation of potentially unwanted applications?

To prevent this situation, be very cautious when browsing the internet and downloading/installing software. We strongly recommend that you download your software from official sources only, preferably using direct download links. Third party downloaders/installers are typically monetized using the 'bundling' method, and thus such tools should never be used. Do some research before downloading unknown software just to confirm that it is legitimate and virus-free. Intrusive advertisements typically seem legitimate, however, once clicked, they redirect to dubious websites (gambling, adult dating, pornography, and similar). If you continually encounter these ads and redirects, remove all suspicious applications and browser plug-ins immediately. If your computer is already infected with PUAs, we recommend running a scan with Combo Cleaner Antivirus for macOS to automatically eliminate them.

Fake Adobe Flash Player installer promoting Proxy Virus (step 1):

Fake Adobe Flash Player installer promoting Proxy Virus (step 2):

Instant automatic Mac malware removal:Manual threat removal might be a lengthy and complicated process that requires advanced computer skills. Combo Cleaner is a professional automatic malware removal tool that is recommended to get rid of Mac malware. Download it by clicking the button below:
▼ DOWNLOAD Combo Cleaner for MacBy downloading any software listed on this website you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. To use full-featured product, you have to purchase a license for Combo Cleaner. Limited three days free trial available.

Quick menu:

  • STEP 1. Remove PUA related files and folders from OSX.
  • STEP 2. Remove rogue extensions from Safari.
  • STEP 3. Remove rogue add-ons from Google Chrome.
  • STEP 4. Remove potentially unwanted plug-ins from Mozilla Firefox.

Video showing how to remove adware and browser hijackers from a Mac computer:

Potentially unwanted applications removal:

Remove potentially unwanted applications from your 'Applications' folder:

Click the Finder icon. In the Finder window, select 'Applications'. In the applications folder, look for 'MPlayerX','NicePlayer', or other suspicious applications and drag them to the Trash. After removing the potentially unwanted application(s) that cause online ads, scan your Mac for any remaining unwanted components.

Combo Cleaner checks if your computer is infected with malware. To use full-featured product, you have to purchase a license for Combo Cleaner. Limited three days free trial available.

Remove mitm proxy virus related files and folders:

Click the Finder icon, from the menu bar. Choose Go, and click Go to Folder...

Check for adware-generated files in the /Library/LaunchAgents folder:

In the Go to Folder... bar, type: /Library/LaunchAgents


In the “LaunchAgents” folder, look for any recently-added suspicious files and move them to the Trash. Examples of files generated by adware - “installmac.AppRemoval.plist”, “myppes.download.plist”, “mykotlerino.ltvbit.plist”, “kuklorest.update.plist”, etc. Adware commonly installs several files with the same string.

Check for adware generated files in the /Library/Application Support folder:

In the Go to Folder... bar, type: /Library/Application Support


In the “Application Support” folder, look for any recently-added suspicious folders. For example, “MplayerX” or “NicePlayer”, and move these folders to the Trash.

Check for adware-generated files in the ~/Library/LaunchAgents folder:


In the Go to Folder bar, type: ~/Library/LaunchAgents

In the “LaunchAgents” folder, look for any recently-added suspicious files and move them to the Trash. Examples of files generated by adware - “installmac.AppRemoval.plist”, “myppes.download.plist”, “mykotlerino.ltvbit.plist”, “kuklorest.update.plist”, etc. Adware commonly installs several files with the same string.

Check for adware-generated files in the /Library/LaunchDaemons folder:


In the Go to Folder... bar, type: /Library/LaunchDaemons


In the “LaunchDaemons” folder, look for recently-added suspicious files. For example “com.aoudad.net-preferences.plist”, “com.myppes.net-preferences.plist”, 'com.kuklorest.net-preferences.plist”, “com.avickUpd.plist”, etc., and move them to the Trash.

Scan your Mac with Combo Cleaner:

If you have followed all the steps in the correct order you Mac should be clean of infections. To be sure your system is not infected run a scan with Combo Cleaner Antivirus. Download it HERE. After downloading the file double click combocleaner.dmg installer, in the opened window drag and drop Combo Cleaner icon on top of the Applications icon. Now open your launchpad and click on the Combo Cleaner icon. Wait until Combo Cleaner updates it's virus definition database and click 'Start Combo Scan' button.

Combo Cleaner will scan your Mac for malware infections. If the antivirus scan displays 'no threats found' - this means that you can continue with the removal guide, otherwise it's recommended to remove any found infections before continuing.

After removing files and folders generated by the adware, continue to remove rogue extensions from your Internet browsers.

MITM Proxy virus removal from Internet browsers:

Remove malicious extensions from Safari:

Remove mitm proxy virus related Safari extensions:

Open Safari browser, from the menu bar, select 'Safari' and click 'Preferences...'.

In the preferences window, select 'Extensions' and look for any recently-installed suspicious extensions. When located, click the 'Uninstall' button next to it/them. Note that you can safely uninstall all extensions from your Safari browser - none are crucial for normal browser operation.

  • If you continue to have problems with browser redirects and unwanted advertisements - Reset Safari.

Remove malicious plug-ins from Mozilla Firefox:

Remove mitm proxy virus related Mozilla Firefox add-ons:

Open your Mozilla Firefox browser. At the top right corner of the screen, click the 'Open Menu' (three horizontal lines) button. From the opened menu, choose 'Add-ons'.

Choose the 'Extensions' tab and look for any recently-installed suspicious add-ons. When located, click the 'Remove' button next to it/them. Note that you can safely uninstall all extensions from your Mozilla Firefox browser - none are crucial for normal browser operation.

  • If you continue to have problems with browser redirects and unwanted advertisements - Reset Mozilla Firefox.

Remove malicious extensions from Google Chrome:

Remove mitm proxy virus related Google Chrome add-ons:

Open Google Chrome and click the 'Chrome menu' (three horizontal lines) button located in the top-right corner of the browser window. From the drop-down menu, choose 'More Tools' and select 'Extensions'.

In the 'Extensions' window, look for any recently-installed suspicious add-ons. When located, click the 'Trash' button next to it/them. Note that you can safely uninstall all extensions from your Google Chrome browser - none are crucial for normal browser operation.

  • If you continue to have problems with browser redirects and unwanted advertisements - Reset Google Chrome.

Recent Developments

For discussion on the latest changes to Charles, please see Karl’s blog.

15 Jan 2020

Charles 4.5.6 released with minor bug fixes and patched security vulnerability. Read more.

5 Dec 2019

Charles 4.5.5 released including bug fixes for SSL certificate imports. Read more.

3 Nov 2019

Charles 4.5.2 released including new features, bug fixes and improvements. Read more.

28 Feb 2019

Charles 4.2.8 released with minor bug fixes. Read more.

14 Sep 2018

Charles 4.2.7 released with minor bug fixes and improvements. Read more.

5 May 2018

Charles Security Bulletin for a local privilege escalation in Charles 4.2 and 3.12.1 and earlier. Read more.

7 Apr 2018

Charles 4.2.5 released with major bug fixes and minor improvements. Read more.

28 Mar 2018

Charles for iOS released. Read more.

22 Nov 2017

Charles 4.2.1 released with important bug fixes. Read more.

30 Sep 2017

Charles 4.2 released with major new TLS debugging capability, minor improvements and bug fixes including macOS High Sierra support. Read more.

10 Jul 2017

Charles 4.1.4 released with minor improvements and bug fixes. Read more.

20 Jun 2017

Charles 4.1.3 released including Brotli compression support and other minor bug fixes and improvements. Read more.

13 May 2017

Charles 4.1.2 released with bug fixes and minor improvements. Read more.

21 Apr 2017

Charles 4.1.1 released with bug fixes. Read more.

10 Apr 2017

Charles 4.1 released including major new features and bug fixes. Read more.

19 Nov 2016

Charles 4.0.2 released including bug fixes and minor improvements. Read more.

20 Sep 2016

Charles 4.0.1 released including bug fixes. Read more.

16 Sep 2016

Charles 3.11.6 released with support for macOS Sierra and minor bug fixes. Read more.

1 Aug 2016

Charles 4 released featuring HTTP 2, IPv6 and improved look and feel. Read more.

29 May 2016

Charles 3.11.5 released including minor bug fixes; especially fixes SSL certificate installation on Android. Read more.

29 Feb 2016

Charles 3.11.4 released with support for ATS on iOS 9 and crash fixes for older versions of Mac OS X. Read more.

15 Feb 2016

Charles v3.11.3 released including bug fixes and minor improvements. Read more.

9 Nov 2015

Charles v3.11.2 released with SSL and Websockets improvements. Read more.

4 Oct 2015

Charles 3.11 released including major new features. Read more.

7 Jul 2015

Charles 3.10.2 released with bug fixes and improvements. Read more.

31 Mar 2015

Charles 3.10.1 released with minor bug fixes. Read more.

21 Mar 2015

Charles 3.10 released with improved SSL (new SSL CA certificate install required), major new features and improvements. Read more.

22 Oct 2014

Charles v3.9.3 released with improvements to SSL support, Mac OS X Yosemite support and other minor bug fixes and improvements. Read more.

26 May 2014

Charles v3.9.2 released with minor bug fixes. Read more.

5 May 2014

Charles 3.9.1 released with minor bug fixes and improvements. Read more.

25 Apr 2014

Charles 3.9 released with major new features and bug fixes, including the ability to 'focus' on hosts so they are separated from the noise. Read more.

23 Oct 2013

Charles 3.8.3 released with support for Mac OS X Mavericks and minor bug fixes. Happy Mavericks Day. Read more.

21 Oct 2013

Charles 3.8.2 released with minor bug fixes. Read more.

9 Sep 2013

Charles 3.8.1 released with minor bug fixes and improvements. Read more.

4 Sep 2013

Charles 3.8 has been released with new features and bug fixes. Read more.

12 Feb 2013

Charles 3.7 has been released. Includes new features, bundled Java runtime (so you don’t need to install Java anymore), and bug fixes. Read more.

27 Jun 2012

Charles 3.7 beta 2 has been released. This changes the SSL signing for Charles on Mac OS X to use Apple's new Developer ID code-signing. Read more.

8 Dec 2011

Charles v3.6.5 released including bug fixes and minor changes. Read more.

15 Nov 2011

Charles v3.6.4 released including major bug fixes and enhancements. Read more.

5 Sep 2011

Charles v3.6.3 released including minor bug fixes. Read more.

24 Aug 2011

Charles v3.6.1 released including minor enhancements and bug fixes. Read more.

18 Aug 2011

Charles v3.6 released including new features, enhancements and bug fixes. New features include HAR and SAZ file import. Read more.

17 Aug 2010

Charles v3.5.2 released including bug fixes and minor new features. Read more.

1 Jan 2010

Charles 3.5.1 released. Minor bug fixes. Read more.

23 Dec 2009

Charles 3.5 released. Major new features, bug fixes and enhancements.

17 Oct 2009

Charles 3.4.1 released. Minor features and bug fixes.

27 Sep 2009

Charles 3.4 released. Major changes especially to SSL.

11 May 2009

New website launched. Follow @charlesproxy on Twitter. Say hi in San Francisco when I'm there for WWDC!

7 Mar 2009

Charles 3.3.1 released. Minor new features and bug fixes. Experimental 64 bit Windows support. Read more.

15 Feb 2009

Charles 3.3 released. Major new features. Download

24 Sep 2008

Charles Autoconfiguration add-on for Mozilla Firefox adds support for Firefox 3.1

23 Sep 2008

Charles 3.2.3 released. Minor new features and bug fixes.

6 Sep 2008

Charles 3.2.2 released. Minor new features and bug fixes.

17 Apr 2008

Charles 3.2.1 released. Minor new features and bug fixes.

24 Mar 2008

Charles 3.2 released. Major new features. Release Notes

28 Jan 2008

Charles 3.2 public beta released. Download and more information on my blog.

19 Dec 2007

Charles 3.1.4 released. Bug fixes and minor new features.

21 Nov 2007

Charles Mozilla Firefox add-on updated for compatibility with Firefox 3.0.

12 Nov 2007

Charles 3.1.3 released. Minor bug fixes, minor new features.

  • Chart tab now includes charts for sizes, durations and types
  • Request & Response can now be displayed combined on one split-panel
  • SSL handshake and certificate errors are now displayed in the tree
29 Aug 2007

Charles 3.1.2 released. Minor bug fixes.

27 Aug 2007

Charles 3.1.1 released. Minor bug fixes.

13 Aug 2007

Charles 3.1 released.

22 May 2007

Charles 3.0.4 released. Fixes SSL bug on Java 1.4.

14 May 2007

Charles 3.0.3 re-released. Fixes launch bug on computers that haven't used Charles before.

12 May 2007

Charles 3.0.3 released. Various improvements and minor bug fixes.

23 Apr 2007

Charles 3.0.2 released. Minor bug fixes and improvements.

28 Mar 2007

Charles 3.0.1 released. Minor bug fixes.

24 Mar 2007

Charles 3.0 released. Major new features and improvements

7 Mar 2007

Charles 3.0 public beta released.

27 Feb 2007

Charles v2.6.4 release. Minor bug fixes:

  • IBM JDK compatibility
  • Improved malformed Referer header support
17 Feb 2007

Charles v2.6.3 release. Minor bug fixes:

  • Fixed Port Forwarding fault introduced in v2.6.2
1 Feb 2007

Charles v2.6.2 release. Major improvements and bug fixes including:

  • No more recording limits. Large responses are now saved to temporary files, reducing memory usage.
  • MTU support in the throttle settings
  • AMF3 / Flex 2 bug fixes
2 Dec 2006

Charles v2.6.1 release. Minor bug fixes and improvements:

  • SOAP information visible while response is still loading
  • AMF3 externalizable object parsing regression fixed
  • AMF view for AMF3/Flex messages simplified to hide Flex implementation details
27 Nov 2006

Charles v2.6 release. Major improvements and bug fixes including:

  • Major UI overhaul
  • JSON and JSON-RPC support
  • SOAP support

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20 Sep 2006

Charles v2.5 release. Major improvements and bug fixes including:

  • Major UI improvements
  • Support for new filetypes including FLV
  • Major improvements to AMF / Flash remoting viewer
  • Thank you to everyone who made suggestions and participated in the long testing process.
1 Jun 2006

Charles v2.4.2 release. Minor improvements and bug fixes including:

  • Support for request body compression (used by web services)
  • Fix for parsing of AMFPHP responses
  • Improvements to AMF viewer
6 May 2006

Charles v2.4.1 release. Minor improvements and bug fixes including:

  • Firefox extension improved
  • AMF 0 and AMF 3 parsing improved
  • Look and Feel changes to give a greater (and more consistent) range of font sizes in the Charles look and feel
  • SSL error reporting improved when a connection cannot be made to a remote host
  • Port Forwarding tool and Reverse Proxy tool re-bind exception fixed
26 Apr 2006

Charles v2.4 release. Major new features, improvements and bug fixes including:

  • AMF 3 support
  • SSL support for IBM JDK (thanks to Lance Bader for helping solve this)
  • Automatic Update Checking
  • Documentation wiki open to public
25 Mar 2006

Charles v2.3 release. Major improvements and bug fixes including:

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  • Proxy implementation improvements including better handling of keep-alive connections
  • SOCKS proxy added, so any SOCKSified application can now run through Charles
  • External proxies configuration improvements including authentication
  • Flash Remoting / AMF viewer improvements
  • Dynamic proxy port support, for multiuser systems
5 Nov 2005

Charles v2.2.1 release. Minor improvements and bug fixes including:

  • Further improved Firefox proxy configuration
  • Port Forwarding enhancements including port ranges and UDP forwarding
  • Bug fixes for Reverse Proxy and AMF viewer
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5 Oct 2005

Charles v2.2 released. Major enhancements and bug fixes including:

  • Improved Firefox proxy configuration
  • XML viewer improvements
  • Line numbers displayed in ASCII viewer
2 Sep 2005

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Charles v2.1 released. Major new features and enhancements including:

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  • Automatic Firefox proxy configuration
  • Formatted form posts and query string information
  • Parsing of SWF and AMF (Flash Remoting) binary formats

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18 Jun 2005

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Charles v2.0 released. Major enhancements and improvements.